Tag: eisenia fetida

Caring for your Worm Farm

Caring for your Worm Farm

The BeeGreen Worm farms make use of the eisenia fetida worm or commonly called the red wriggler worm or red worm. These worms primarily feast on decaying matter and break it down into worm castings and worm pee.



The worm castings look like a very loose, moist version of compost that can be used in a similar way to compost: mix it into your soil beds and turn thoroughly for humus-rich soil. This is taken from the bottommost containers of your worm farm when all of the containers are too full to put more organic waste. At this point majority, if not all, of your worms will have migrated to the higher containers in pursuit of more organic matter. The bottom container is purely worm castings. Remove this container and mix with your soil. Keep the other containers in the same order but place the now-empty container on top of the stack as you fill this with organic material. To ensure your worms are out- place the full container on top of another container and vibrate it constantly- the worms will seek to move out the base of the vibrating container to avoid the disruption.


The tap at the base of the bin should be drained when you hear swishing at the base upon moving the worm farm. Drain this into a vessel you have at home such as a 2 litre bottle etc. This worm pee is an extremely powerful organic fertiliser that provides a massive boost to the growth of any plant it is brought into contact with. Simply pour a little worm pee above the root system of your plant.


The worms pretty much thrive by themselves as long as they are provided with organic material. You can ensure they get a stronger foundation by providing them with bedding. This is achieved by tearing up newspaper (only black and white ink as colour ink is toxic to the worms) or cardboard or eggboxes, soaking them in water and wringing out excess water (to avoid drowning the worms). Sprinkle coarse soil over this as the toothless worms use the soil to grind their food down and finally layer this evenly along the bottom of your container. Place your worms onto this and add your organic waste on top until it is full. Once the container is full, place the next container on top of this and repeat the process. It is not essential to provide bedding but it is recommended.


  • The worms cannot be in the sun at all! Keep them in an area that is permanently shaded and out of the heat.
  • Whilst the worms like organic decaying matter, do not put in material that has begun to grow mould, or put too much organic material that the worms cannot digest it all before it becomes mouldy. You need to constantly moderate your input by how much they are going through. If you are smelling bad odours from your worm farm, this is an indication that mouldy material should be removed.
  • The worms do not do well with acid-based waste such as citrusfruits, onions, tomatoes, garlic , meat and dairy products. These can alternatively be put into a compost heap.
  • If there are any other bugs in there, try remove them by hand and cover any holes they may be getting into. If there are too many bugs or flies in there, you may need to bury your worms and compost to get rid of them and restart a new worm farm. The worms will continue living in your garden whilst the flies will die.
  • They take roughly 45-90 days to double their population if the ideal conditions are provided.

This is the best way to transform your organic waste into something that will make your garden thrive and flourish. Contact us on info@beegreen.co.za for more information on purchasing our range of worm farms or any troubleshooting you may need.